As the British Empire expanded throughout the world, more woods became available and the main change to fashions occurred in the reigns of George 1 and George 11 by the replacement of Walnut with Mahogany Mahogany was imported mainly from Cuba and Honduras , cabinet makers liked the new close grained wood which is much harder and was not prone to wood worm unlike the previous pine and walnuts used in construction. Mahogany was more suitable for the grander pieces which were in high demand for the new taller buildings, also being a strong timber, it made furniture long lasting and you could achieve a rich dark red colour which was sought after in the period.
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In the early Georgian times the main styles were similar to the Queen Anne period but with slight modifications, pieces were given more elaborate pediments and sturdier cabriole legs. The more elaborate pieces were constructed from walnut, like a chest on stand, sometimes with ball and claw feet and cabriole legs. Card tables also became popular in the same construction and style. By Mid Georgian times, Britain got wealthier and more middle class wanted better pieces of Georgian furniture, this was a real boom for the English Cabinetmaker.
George Hepplewhite and Thomas Sheraton were also two more well known cabinet makers who had a huge impact on furniture design in the 18th century. These styles are so popular they were copied throughout the Victorian and Edwardian eras and are still copied today. The simple straight lines were starting to change to more curved styles, motifs and ornamentation but the more classic designs still lasted throughout.
COPENHAGEN TOWN HALL CHAIR
The Hepplewhite and Chippendale chair sets , tea tables and dining tables were now popular. Bookcases became less architectural looking and more delicate in design with swan neck pediments and astragal glazing. Lifestyle Magazine such as Good Housekeeping showed the latest home styles. These new and influential magazines encouraged the lady of the house to keep up with the 'Jones' and the man to use his spare time on DIY projects.
Furniture would often be large, boxy geometric shapes. English Oak was popular but because of a shortage of wood, veneer and decorated plywood was greatly used.
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The living room would often be carpeted. In larger homes halls may have had panelled walls and parquet floors. In kitchens they would have used linoleum or quarry tiles for the floor and plywood and melomine for the units. The bedroom more often of had fitted furniture, dark varnished floorboards and an electric fire.
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Downstairs coal fireplaces were fitted with an oak or tiled surround. The sun rising pattern was often found repeated in stained glass in doors and windows. The s House Manual. The s House Explained. The s Home. Flat Roofs. Metal Framed Windows. Plain Tile Fireplaces. Modern Movement.
Ebook The Construction Of Period Country Furniture
Those who followed the "Modern Movement" choose new materials like tubular steel, plastics and veneered woods. Hollywood and Jazz had a major influence on the Moderne styles. A demand for bungalows seen in American films was met by builders and furniture reflected the glamour from Hollywood. The Modern Movement rejected traditional dark interiors and instead used stark clean lines and bright light colours.
Large curved sun-trap windows allowed as much sunlight as possible to enter the house. Metal use in curved form goes back to the liners that in the s and s plied the North Atlantic trade route.
Metal was also a key ingredient of reinforced concrete, the chosen material for flat roofs and sun decks. It started as a high art luxurious style but soon became mass produced.
Art Deco is often recognised by its repetitive use of zigzags, fan and chevron motifs. Furniture shapes were influenced by industry and technology. The most popular form to emulate were sky scrapers. Upholstered furniture took on a chunky boxy form, often with rounded edges. Strong geometric patterns could be found on soft furnishings, wallpapers and home ware.
South-South Knowledge Transfer on Bamboo for Construction and Furniture- INBAR
Clarice Cliff ceramics is an example of a popular home ware that used patterns of diamonds and triangles in bold contrasting colours. Art Deco House Style. Understanding the Edwardian and Inter-War Houses. Classic Modern Homes of the Thirties. Materials were delivered by convoys of lorries and estates were developed over 5 to 8 years. The improved efficiency of technique was reflected in firms like John Laing who could construct a house on the Queensbury Estate in from start to completion in only 4 months. The trainers from Tanzania conducted two workshops each on bamboo furniture and craftsmaking, using highland bamboo, in Mgahinga and in Manafwa respectively — both located in the Mount Elgon region of Uganda.
Craftsmanship Beyond Expectation
A total of 56 craftsmen attended the crafts training program, where many kinds of products were made, from lamp shades to shopping baskets. Proud workshop participants show of their craft products. In the furniture training, products such as chairs, sofa sets, and even beds were introduced to the participants. Nearly finished! Participants take a second to relax with furniture they have made.
The construction of period country furniture
Master trainers from India conducted training focussed on lowland bamboo, since the bamboo used for furniture production in India is similar to the lowland bamboo found in Uganda. This training mirrored the construction events, taking place over two-week periods 2 weeks training in Moyo and Kampala Training in Moyo was conducted in collaboration with Friends of Bamboo Ltd and total of 24 for furniture artisans attended the training program — see below two pictures- and eleven new product designs and technologies were introduced.
I will go back and mobilise people in my community who already work with bamboo. UIRI is a major engine for promoting industry in Uganda and we will replicate this training to larger number of people.